History of Uttarakhand

beauty of the hills

History of Uttarakhand, the sainted and splendid beauty!

When we think about Uttarakhand, the first things that come to mind are the mesmerizing rivers and the spiritual destination that makes our hearts glowingly.
So let’s dig in some more to know about the history of Uttarakhand.

history of uttarakhand

History of Uttrakhand

In the Vedas and Puranas, Uttarakhand is said to be the Heaven and home for all the virtuous saints
and gods, and this is why it is also known as Devbhoomi. As it is where the auspicious river Ganges
comes from. As per a very well-known Historian Mr. Shib Prasad Dabral, the Name Uttarakhand is
derived from Uttarapad, and Khand is taken from Kedarkhand, which makes it Uttarakhand.
The pure and sainted land has beautiful ancient monuments of the long-ago era, and not only that, the environment of the very holy ground echoes the stories of the righteous Kingdoms and Sages.
Uttarakhand is a land that fills you with peace and serenity; one can feel a different kind of
calmness inside their mind after visiting here. It makes you feel aware of your being; maybe that is
the effect of the Vedic textual shreds of evidence of this land being so holy and religious.
It is also said that the Maharishi Ved Vyas wrote the epic Mahabharata in Uttarakhand and used to
call Uttarakhand Uttarakuru. Saint Valmiki denoted the land as Uttarkaushal, and similarly for Panni
and Kautilya it was uttarapatti.

history of uttarakhand

Regions of Uttarakhand

The state has a reference in history as the part of Mahajanpadas that is Kuru and Panchal in the
Vedic age. Pithoragarh, Nainitaal and Almora are notes as Kumaon region. The other places in
Uttarakhand are Shivalik, Rudrahimalaya, Kurmanchat Karajat, Kamadesh, Sapaladaksh, Kamaugarh
Garhwal, Kumau, and Sarkarl. There are 52 forts on the western side of the region which is known as
Garhwal for 500 years.
Dehradun, Pauri Chamoli Uttarkashi, and Samprat bloom Garhwal with more beauty.

beauty of the hills


History of Garhwal and Kumaon

The archeological excavations have disclosed that Garwhal shaped a part of the Mauryan Empire.
Whereas rock shelter in Lakhu Udyar confirms the Stone Age settlements in Kumaon.
King Katyuri ruled the vast areas of Kumaon from the 7th to 11th Century. Baijnath was the
capital of this dynasty and the centrum of arts.
Under the Katyuri rule, the Temple building expanded, and it was then that they revolutionized the
architectural techniques by simply replacing bricks with stones.
Katarmal Sun temple is 900 years old and was built in the descending years of the Katyuri Dynasty.

The Chand Dynasty governed the Kumaon region before the 18th Century. And the Garhwal
region was ruled by the Parmar and Panwar Dynasties. Succeeding the blitz of Gorkhas in 1790-91
Gorkhas dominated the full Garhwal and Kumaon region.
In the Pact of 1815 districts of Tehri and Uttarkashi came under the administration of King
Sudarshan Shah. While on the Contrary, the districts of Pauri Garwhal, Chamoli, and Rudraprayag with
the whole Kumaon region came under the governance of the British till 1947.
Later on, after independence, the estate Tehri was added to the earlier part of Uttar Pradesh, and
commissioner Kumaun took the whole area under its control. As the Kumaun division’s border area
was sensitive and the chances of war with China districts of Gharwhal Tehri and Almora were
divided. In 1960, 3 New districts were also formed; Pithoragarh, Chamoli, and Uttarkashi.


Religious History of Uttarakhand

There are several pieces of evidence from the artifacts that in the ancient times, Folk Shamanic
religion, Shaivism, and Buddhism were practiced in the region.

People Culture and Festivals History of Uttarakhand.

The people of Uttarakhand are very connected to their roots, culture, and beliefs. Primarily there is
an unwavering bond between nature and mythology.
There are so many folk stories, songs, rituals, and festivals that are celebrated with utmost
happiness and joy.
The people of Uttarakhand are susceptible to the climate and cleanliness care of their state.
So they’re often seen while communicating with the tourists and travelers to show respect and concern
for the place they have come to explore and cherish forever.
Hence the people of Uttarakhand are heartfelt towards nature and humanity; therefore, they try to
keep their surroundings clean as much as possible.
The vibrant festivities, performing rituals, and cultural celebrations of Uttarakhand are both joyful
and beautiful because of their entrenched plethora of nature and rich mythology.
As there are various occasions in Uttarakhand which are celebrated with immense gladness and
cheerfulness, and so are the dances. Yes, there are so many stunning folk dances in Uttarakhand, which
are called Ramola Shotiya, Barada Nati, Langvir Nritya, Choliya Dance, Jagars, Jhora, Chancheri,
Chhapeli, Tribal Folk Dances, Thalli-Jadda, Pandav Nritya, Jhainta, and Bhotiya Dance, are
performed on so many cultural occasions and festivities.

To sum up

Uttarakhand’s rich heritage and history and the vivid Folk art and culture are what make this
paradise more and more vibrant and wonderful.
Keep on reading more about Uttarakhand here in our upcoming posts so that we can create a ripple
in your heart for the urge to visit this beautiful land of sacredness.



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At 34 km from Nainital and 28 km from Mukteshwar, RAMGARH UTTARAKHAND is a little hill station in Uttarakhand and a famous place to see in the Nainital neighborhood. Situated on the route to Mukteshwar, this place is renowned for its parks.

Ramgarh is split into two regions: the Malla on the more elevated side and the Talla on the base. It is situated at a moderate altitude of 1518 meters above sea level. Ramgarh is out from the hustle and bustle of the metropolis, offering untouched surroundings and vast views of the Himalayas.

This hill station was founded by the British and was often visited by many high-profile personalities from India and the British. This area was once the cantonment of the British military. The hill station holds the heritage of some traditional buildings used as inspection bungalows and transient palaces for British colonial-era administrators.


Ramgarh is also the fruit bowl of Kumaon as it has orchards of apple, apricot, peach, and pear. It is a perfect place for a vacation trip in isolation, calm, and harmony with a pleasing environment. Well-known poets Rabindranath Tagore and social activist Narayan Swami had set their ashrams here. Rabindranath Tagore wrote some of his creations in Ramgarh. There is even a library devoted to the renowned Hindi poet Mahadevi Varma, who created the concept of ​​authoring the famous story Lachma in Ramgarh.



Something that should not be ignored and that Ramgarh is famous for is the vital orchards—scattered across a big town area; these orchards offer fascinating adventure with every walk you take.

The excellent climate is an added perk that leaves no stone unturned to freshen your senses and body. Moreover, the place explains its nickname of Fruit Bowl of Kumon with a combination of exotic fruits produced here in plenty like strawberries, apples, pear, apricot, peaches, etc.



A small captivating hamlet near Ramgarh, Nathuakhan is known for its picturesque beauty. With hilly terrains, a verdant valley,s and a thick cover of dense green forest, this village is a residence to relax and enjoy privacy away from the buzzing of the metropolia.


With many forests and trekking trails, the area is also known to have multiple species of birds, creating it a heaven for bird spectators.

One can spot woodpeckers, mynahs, pipits, red and jungle fowls, Indian peafowl, blue whistling thrushes, and more. Pangot, about 45 km from the village, has about 2000 species of birds.



Mukteshwar is a little hill townlet located about 50 km from Nainital in Uttarakhand. Known for experiencing sports and a spectacular view of Himalayan ranges, Mukteshwar is anointed after the 350-year-old Shiva Temple accommodated here, Mukteshwar Dham.

The quaint town earned its name from believing that Lord Shiva destroyed a monster here and gave him Mukti or salvation. With leafy green trails and narrow streets, Mukteshwar is a famous destination for trekking, apart from rock climbing and rappeling. The picturesque orchards, coniferous forests, rolling meadows, little cottages, and homes built in quaint colonial style are significant attractions. The charm of Mukteshwar lies in spending quiet time – enjoying nature and listening to birds chirping.

Jungle walks.

Given the lush greenery, sceneries, and terrain, Ramgarh is an area known for its wilderness or jungle walks.

Trekking and hiking in RAMGARH UTTARAKHAND

The hotels in the region deliver several trekking and hiking facilities to let you make the most of your trekking experience in Kumaon Hills.

Naukuchiatal Lake

Naukuchiatal, a tiny scenic lake town, is a destination for those who seek serenity and tranquility beneath the shade of pure nature. As the name suggests, this place is mainly understood for its nine-cornered Lake, which measures up to 1 km and is 40 m deep.

Lying some distance from the bustling hill station of Nainital, this place is also attached to a legend. One glimpse of all nine corners of the Lake with both feet on the earth can make the viewer disappear into the smoke to reach nirvana. With excellent opportunities to rejuvenate your body and spirit, Naukuchiatal is endowed with panoramically splendid surroundings and a beautiful lake. The beautiful weather throughout the year and several attractions like lakes and temples make sure to make your trip a beguiling experience.



Bhimtal Lake, one of the most prominent lakes in India, is located in the Bhimtal town of the north Indian state of Uttarakhand. An island at the center of the Lake is a favorite tourist attraction and houses an aquarium with various fish species and a temple. In the Kumaon region, also known as the Lake District of India, the Bhimtal lake is the biggest Lake and stores drinking water for the town and supports aquaculture in the area. Today, the Lake has been opened to tourists and has a mixture of activities in and around the Lake. Sunrise walks are especially suggested for those who want to bypass the tourist crowd. The peaceful atmosphere of the Lake is sure to push you to come around again and again.

The Bhimtal Lake is over 4500 feet in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand. It is a ‘C’ shaped lake that extends over 47 hectares. During some months in a year, the otherwise clear lake water turns brown due to imbued animalcule. Locals believe that only after the Lake claims a prey does the brown color fade, and the water becomes clear again.

The surroundings of Bhimtal Lake are well kept and immaculate, offering a lovely experience to everyone seeing it. One can go boating or take a long walk along the banks and forage the ducks during the morning or evening. The tranquil vibe will hypnotize you as you wrap up a busy vacation day program at the Lake.



Nainital is a charming hill station located at Uttarakhand’s foothills of the Kumaon ranges. It is located close to Dehradun and Delhi, the most visited hill station in North India. Nainital is a perfect weekend getaway from Delhi and the nearby places.

Nainital shares a pleasant climate throughout the year, making it a famous hill station for families, couples, and even solo travelers. It is easily accessible from nearby major cities by road and ideal for a 2-day visit. The Naina Lake is the center of Nainital with Mall Road on one side, Thandi Sadak on the other, and the bus stands opposite it.

Founded by the British due to its similarity to the Cumbrian Lake District, Nainital brims with lavish colonial structures that boost the beauty of this place. However, some little hill towns near Nainital, like Pangot, Ranikhet, and Almora, remain comparatively unexplored. Nainital also has some small trekking trails.

Whether you like boating in the beautiful Naini Lake, enjoy some Garhwali and Kumaoni delicacies, shop for souvenirs, or take a ropeway lift to soak in the beauty of the Himalayas from Snow View Point, Nainital is sure to leave an impression on you.

Top Hotels In Ramgarh

Clarks Exotica Resort, RAMGARH UTTARAKHAND

Jolly Chalet by BluSalz, RAMGARH UTTARAKHAND

If your friends or family are scheduling a trip to Ramgarh Uttarakhand, share this article to help them make an unforgettable Kumaon trip.

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Direct WhatsApp Contact – https://bit.ly/3MBDKJ7

Or Call Directly at 9760385133

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